|Bone Tools from
Kansas & Nebraska
|First let me thank Jim Horst for contributing
these examples of bone and antler tools from
the Blue and Kansas River systems. Jim is a
dedicated hunter and collector and was kind
enough to help with these educational pages.
|This is a good antler tine
pressure flaking tool. It has
enough wear on the tip to be
diagnostic, but hasn't been
reduced much through use.
|This is the tip of the flaking tool pictured above. This piece has
rodent chewing visable above the use/wear. This sort of rodent
damage occurs when bone or antler lays out in the field or forest.
Once the artifact enters the river rodent damage ceases. This
artifact also exhibits river wear from contact with abrasive
|Left- Antler Tine Pressure Flaking
tools. Tines are always cut part
way, then snapped off. The flaker
at the top of the picture has been
considerably reduced from the tip
by use and maintenance.
|Below- A flesher made from the fore leg of
a female buffalo. Notice the "steps"
behind the opening at the top of the bone.
The rough shape was flaked out of the
bone, then ground smooth and
symmetrical. The teeth at the scraping
end were added last, and cut into the
bone. Fleshers were used to remove the
clinging fat and meat from the inside of
|This is an exceptionally nice
example in excellent condition.
|The serration at the business end of this tool helped
it grip slippery fat and tissue on wet hides. The extra
care and thought the first owner put into making this
tool makes it an interesting artifact.
|Right- Bone knife and
tool handles. Handles
provide leverage and
control. Awls, knives,
cultivators and many
originally had handles.
|Left- Handles are smoothly
and evenly finished around the
edges. Leg, rib, and hump bones
are commonly used as handles.
Handles are always convenient
to grip, and fit your hand!