Kansas & Nebraska
bone and antler
tools, Page 2
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Tools like those to the left
are interpreted as being
awls. They have
symmetrical, ground tips
which often show dulling or
blunting and rejuvenation by
grinding. The top is usually
rounded and easy to put
weight on without hurting
your hand, however some
were attached to handles
and may look sharp or
The five tools laying
horizontally are a
common find on river
gravel bars is the plains.
Made quickly from a
fragment of shattered
bone and usually used
only once, they are
referred to as "expedient"
tools. These examples
were used to perforate
hide, but many were used
to scrape, chop, poke,
stake, pin, and even cut.
The  piece to the right
appears to me to be a
fishhook blank. I'll
discuss these in the
Arkansas River tool
A nice assortment of Plains bone tools. Most are made of Buffalo
bone. Top left is the fish hook blank seen above. Next is a shaft
straightener, hump-rib knife handle, flaking tool, unknown  tool,
small scraper. Bottom row includes basket weaving tools, pottery
trowels, and unknown tools.
These pins are about as fine as they
come. They were found on Kansas
watercourses by Kenny Resser
These may have been used as
hairpins or blanket pins, but I
doubt it. They are lethally sharp,
and would catch on brush, cloths,
or other obstacles and stab the
wearer. This actually happened to
the only person I ever saw try to
wear one. She went to the
hospital, and was lucky she
wasn't killed. And all she did was
try to get in the car!